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Greece agreed Dec. 5 to buy 415 BMP-3M AFV from Russia worth up to 1.7 billion euros . The Greek Cypriots have Operated BMP-3B since the mid 90's

The BMP-3 infantry combat vehicle entered production in the late 1980s. It is in service with the Russia Army and over 600 have been exported to a number of countries, including United Arab Emirates (390 vehicles), Cyprus, Kuwait (110) and South Korea. Kurganmashzavod of Kurgan, Russian Federation manufactures the chassis and the Instrument Design Bureau (KBP) of Tula is responsible for the turret. It is a tracked, armoured, amphibious vehicle designed to engage armoured ground and air targets while stationary, on the move and afloat. South Korea agreed to purchase a further 30 BMP-3 vehicles in August 2002.


A command version, the BMP-3K, is available, which is the same as the basic BMP-3, but with additional communications and navigation equipment. A version designed for more sustained amphibious operation is the BMP-3F. Changes in construction allow movement afloat in Sea State 3 and firing with necessary accuracy in Sea State 2. The BMP-3F can endure continuous amphibious operation for seven hours. A reconnaissance version, the BRM-3K, is in service with the Russian Army.


KBP and Kurganmashzavod have upgraded the vehicle with a new turret and engines. The upgraded vehicle is called the BMP-3M and the new turret includes a new automatic fire control system with digital computer, new BZS1 gunner's sight with SAGEM thermal imager and laser illuminator, TKN-AI commander's periscope with laser infrared illuminator and new ammunition loading system. The BMP-3M will also be able to fire ammunition types including new 100mm laser-guided projectiles, new 100mm HE-FRAG (high explosive fragmentation) rounds and new 30mm APSDS (armour piercing discarding sabot) rounds. Additional passive armour protection is effective against 12.7mm armour-piercing rounds from a range of 50m. Explosive reactive armour is available as an option. The new uprated engine is the UTD-32, which is rated at 660hp.


The main armament of the BMP-3 is a 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic rifled gun/missile launcher, which is stabilised in two axes and can fire either 3UOF HE-FRAG (High Explosive-Fragmentation) rounds or 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missiles. Effective range for the HE-FRAG round is 4,000m. Muzzle velocity is 250m/s. 22 HE-FRAG rounds can be carried in the automatic loader, total ammunition load being 40 rounds. Rate of fire is 10 rounds per minute.

The gun fires the 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missile round, which consists of the 9M117 laser beamriding missile and container. This missile is used in the Bastion missile system (NATO designation AT-10 Stabber). The missile can engage tanks with explosive reactive armour (ERA) as well as slow, low-flying targets such as helicopters. Range is 100 to 4,000m. Hit probability is given as at least 0.8 with armour penetration of 600mm. Ammunition load is 8 rounds.

Armament also includes a 30mm 2A72 automatic gun, stabilised in two axes, which fires 3UOR-6 and 3UOR-8 rounds. Ammunition load is 500 AP (Armour-Piercing) or HE-FRAG rounds. Rate of fire is more than 300 rounds/min and range is 1,500 to 2,000m. There are also one 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun and two 7.62 bow machine guns.


The BMP-3 can be fitted with the Arena Defensive Aids suite, developed by KBM Kolumna. The system consists of target detection and tracking radar, computer and processing unit and protective ammunition. The system is automatic: the radar passes tracking data to the computer, which selects the number of ammunition rounds and controls firing. The selected ammunition is then expelled as a directed field. The vehicle can also be fitted with the Shtora defensive aids system which counters anti-tank guided weapons with SACLOS (semi-automatic command-to-line-of-sight).

The hull and turret are constructed from aluminium alloy armour. Protection also includes steel external straps fitted on the turret, side armour displacement panels and a double-bottom at the front of the vehicle. NBC equipment includes a filter ventilation unit as well as hermetic sealing. This system is located in the rear of the vehicle, as is the ejection cooling system which, coupled with the reduced length of the gas ventilation system exhaust, serves to reduce the tank's thermal signature.


The fire control system is automatic with manual override for both gunner and commander. It includes a 1V539 ballistic computer, 2E52 electro-mechanical armament stabiliser and 1D16 laser rangefinder. The gunner has a 1K13-2 main sight, a combined image-intensified day/night sight and PPD-1 standby day sight. The commander has a 1PZ-10 day sight and TKN-3 combined day and image-intensified night sight.

The French company SAGEM, with Kurganmashzavod and Peleng of Belarus, have developed the Namut thermal sight for the BMP-3. This sight is based on the SAGEM Athos eight - twelve micron three field of view thermal imager and is fitted to the BMP-3 ICV's delivered to the United Arab Emirates.


The engine is the V-shaped UTD-29 diesel engine, which produces 500hp. The transversal mount of the engine enables the wheel drive, cardan shaft for the waterjet drives and electric bilge pump to be located underneath. Transmission is hydromechanical with a hydrostatic gearbox for the steering gear and power take-off for the water jets.

The BMP-3 vehicle weighs 18.7t and is capable of a maximum speed of 70km/h and range of 600km on roads.



 Leonidas II
The Leonidas APC is based on the Steyer Daimler Puch model 4K7FA, and was built domestically by Steyer Ellas (now ELVO) starting in 1982. Additional units were also sold to the National Guard of Cyprus.



  • Armament  : 1 x 12.7 mm MG
  • Ammunition  : 1,500 x 12.7 mm
  • Length Hull : 5.87 m
  • Width : 2.50 m
  • Height : 1.69 m
  • Weight : 14.8 t
  • Soldiers : 2 + 8
  • Power/Weight : 21.6 hp/t
  • Engine : STEYR 7FA, inline 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel, producing 320 hp at 2,300 rpm.
  • Transmission : ZF Synchronized, 6 gears forward and 1 reverse.
  • Maximum Speed : 63.6 km/h
  • Maximum Range : 520 km
  • Vertical Obstacle : 0.8 m
  • Trench : 2.1 m

 M-113 A1/A2/TOW, M-901 A1 ITV, M-106 A1/A2, M-125 A1, M-577 A

Since their initial introduction in 1960, M113-based systems have been modified into more than 40 identified specific variants. All vehicles in the Hellenic Army have been upgraded to or acquired with at least the A1 modifications that include a diesel engine. The M-113 APC is armed with a single .50 caliber machine gun (M2), or in some cases with a classic TOW launcher.

The M-901 ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle), introduced a launcher platform that allowed the loading and launching of the missiles while the crew was protected inside the vehicle. The system is capable of firing two missiles without reloading and carries ten TOW rounds in the missile rack.

Fitted with a 4.2-inch mortar (M-30 107 mm) on a rotating turntable mounted in the rear compartment, the M-106 provides quick and highly mobile firepower. The mortar can be dismounted and used externally from the vehicle and the base plate and tripod are often carried on the outside of the vehicle when not in use. A total of 88 rounds can be carried.

The 81mm mortar (M-29) can be traversed through 360 degrees and fired from within the vehicle. Using a base plate and tripod, the mortar can also be used from outside of the vehicle. The vehicle carries 114 rounds of 81mm ammunition.

The M-577 has a raised rear compartment to allow personnel to stand upright in the vehicle. This variant is employed as a Command Post, Communications Vehicle and Artillery FDC with the MLRS and M-109 units.


 BMP-1 250 vechiles have been donated to Iraq

The BMP-1 (Boevaya Mashina Pekhota) was developed in the late 1960s as a replacement for the BTR-50P. This Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle comes from the former East German army, and entered Hellenic Army service following the CFE treaty. Hellenic Bmp-1 have undergone modernisation.




  Description and Specifications
The HMMWV (High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle) is a light, highly mobile, diesel-powered, four-wheel-drive vehicle equipped with an automatic transmission. Based on the M998 chassis, using common components and kits, the HMMWV can be configured to become a troop carrier, armament carrier, S250 shelter carrier, ambulance, TOW missile carrier, and a Scout vehicle.

The M998 is the baseline vehicle for the M998 series of 1 1/4-ton trucks, which are known as the HMMWV vehicles. The HMMWV vehicles include 11 variants. They are:

Below: Hummer with a Radar Configuration

Below: Hummer with a Anti Tank Kornet - E Configuration

Below: Milan Anti Tank in action


All HMMWVs are designed for use over all types of roads, in all weather conditions and are extremely effective in the most difficult terrain. The HMMWV‘―s high power-to-weight ratio, four-wheel drive and high ground clearance combine to give it outstanding cross-country mobility.


15 ft


7.08 ft

Height :

6.00 feet reducible to 4.5 feet


5,200 lbs


V8, 6.2 litre displacement, fuel injected diesel, liquid cooled, compression ignition


150 at 3,600 RPM


3 speed, automatic

Transfer case:

2 speed, locking, chain driven

Electrical system:

24 volt, negative ground, 60 amps


Hydraulic, 4-wheeled disc

Fording depth:

without 76.2 cm)
with deep water fording kit : 5 ft (1.5 m)

Fuel type:


Fuel capacity:

25 gallons


350 miles highway

Max speed:

65 mph

Below: Hummer with a Milan Anti Tank Configuration

Below: Hummer with a Anti Aircraft Stinger Configuration


HUMVEE with TOW Anti Tank Configuration

Greek Panhard VBL (V¨¨hicule Blind¨¨ Leg¨¨r)

In 1997 the Hellenic Army purchased 13 French made, Panhard VBL (V¨¨hicule Blind¨¨ Leg¨¨r), light wheeled armoured reconnaissance vehicles, these being the first reconnaissance vehicles since the ex-US Army M3A1 White and M8 "Greyhound", some 50 years ago. Cutting through red tape, the acquisition of those vehicles concluded in a record time. Almost immediately after their arrival, they were deployed operationaly with the ELDYB (Hellenic Contingent In Bosnia - HCB)/KFOR and the ELDAL ((Hellenic Contingent In Albania - HCA), under the command of the 71st Infantry Brigade (Hellenic Army‘―s Rapid Reaction Force). A second batch of 14 more VBLs followed in 1998, with 23 more in 1999 and 12 more in 2000, bringing up the number of purchased vehicle to 62.

Because of the (haste) way the VBLs were purchased,

their type varies according to the batch they were delivered in:

The 13 vehicles of the first batch (delivered in June 1997) were of the MILAN anti-tank version with a short wheelbase of 2,440 mm. Its armament consisted of 6 anti-tank MILAN missiles and a 7.64mm machine gun. These were delivered and deployed operationaly in the French Army configuration (French Army 3-colour camouflage, N-F1 7.62mm machine gun, storage for FAMAS rifles).

Later a 7.62mm MAG machine gun substituted the French N-F1.


Fromthe 37 VBLs delivered in 1998 and 1999, the 7 were Command and the rest were

Communication vehicles, all with a long wheel base of 2,665 mm.

Onthe 7 Command VBLs, the 7.62mm, French made N-F1 was substituted

 for a MAG machine gun of the same calibre.

The30 Communication VBLs were converted into Reconnaissance/Intelligence vehicles, with the addition of a PL127 turret armed with a 12.7mm M2HB Browning machine gun, above the Commander's position. In factory-built Scout VBLs this same turret is mounted at the rear of the vehicle while in Communication VBLs a square hatch prohibits the placement of the turret at this particular position. This ingenious modification was undertaken by the 308 Forward Base Workshop (Volos).

Greek Made Kentaurus 2

ELBO Kentaurus

Kentaurus is an Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV) designed and developed by the Greek vehicle builder ELBO. Its history is connected with the need for an advanced AIFV by the Greek Armed Forces.

After aborted efforts including Leonidas-2 variants and other attempted improvements and joint developments, ELBO worked entirely on its own, on a new design according to the specifications given at the time by the Greek Army. The resulting AIFV developed by the Greek company, named 'Kentaurus' was officially introduced in the Defendory Arms Exhibition in Athens in 1998, and at that time was one of the most advanced AIFV's in the world. It features a 420hp MTU Diesel engine, 30 mm EBO cannon and 7.62 mm machine-gun (built on Mauser and Rheinmetall designs), Pyrkal smoke-grenade launchers, Toxotis computerized fire control system and KUKA turret. The crew is 3+8, maximum speed (street) is 75 Km/h and maximum weight is 19.8 tons. However, despite successful intensive tests by the Greek army, its approval, and an initial agreement in 2003 for an order of 140 vehicles, its fate is to this date uncertain due to subsequent cutbacks in relevant military spending, and evaluation of cheaper alternatives.




Hellenic Army Rules